Physical Geography
  Tectonics and Geology
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  Rivers, Lakes, Seas and Wetlands

Biomes & Regions
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  Mixed and Deciduous Forests
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  Arid Environments
  The Mountains of Northern Russia
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  The Caucasus
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  Lake Baikal
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Environmental Problems
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  Oil and Gas Development
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  The Aral Sea Problems
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  Nature Protection and Conservation

Images of Russian Nature
  Geographic Index
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  Alphabetical Index

Nature Reserves
  Northern Russia
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  Povolzhye (Volga river basin)
  Southern Russia
  Ural Mountains
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Field Ecology Education
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Russian Nature

Home | Physical Geography | Biomes & Regions | Environmental Problems | Images of Russian Nature | Nature Reserves

Our Field Ecology Center published more than 180 methodical materials for nature studies. Some of them are in English:
Mobile educational application: Ecological Field Studies Techniques on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of North America: Songs and Calls Decoys on Play.Google WILD FLOWERS OF RUSSIA Field Identification Guide on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google
Mobile Educational Apps and Field Identification Guides for Russian, European and American Birds
Applications for Android and iOS are available at GooglePlay and AppStore

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Biomes and Regions of Northern Eurasia

Boreal Forests

<<< Forest Fires | Biomes & Regions Index | Conclusions >>>

Indigenous Peoples of Taiga

Taiga is the home of eighteen indigenous peoples whose population (including the indigenous population of the tundra) exceeds 200 000. The main traditional occupations are hunting, fishing, reindeer herding, and crafts. The main game species are reindeer and musk deer, while squirrel, sable, and weasel are hunted for fur. Hunting is usually restricted to winter when the quality of fur is better and meat can be preserved for many days. Taiga reindeer herding is different from that in the tundra region. The herds are smaller and most of the taiga herders have a semi-settled lifestyle in contrast to the nomads of the tundra. Some tribes combine herding with other occupations, particularly fishing. In summer, such tribes split, a part of the community migrating north with the herd and others staying in the taiga and taking fishing as their main occupation. Many areas in the taiga and forest-tundra biomes have been developed and the availability of good-quality pastures is limited, especially in Western Siberia, which is the largest oil- and gas-producing region. There is increasingly less space for the reindeer in taiga, a place whose name originates from the Nenets word tyi-reindeer.



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