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Russian Zapovedniks and National Parks

<<< National Park "Sebezhsky" | Index and Map | Central Russia >>>

National Park "Ugyd Va"

Address: 169570 Republic Komi, Vuktyl, Komsomolskaya st., 5

National Park Ugyd Va is situated in the Komi Republic. The Park was founded in 1994. Its area makes up 1891.7 thousand ha. It is located on the western side of the Pripolyarny and Severny Urals in the basins of the right tributaries of the river Pechora, the river Podcherema and river Bolshaya Synya.

Absolute heights in the near-polar part reach 1300 m above the sea level (Karpinskogo mountain), in the northern 1619 m (Telpoz-iz mountain) with lower peaks between them ranging from 1700 m and 700 m.

Several types of environment are present in the mountains, where the high-mountain alpine relief is characteristic for Pripolyarny Urals. Rivers have great current speed, and deep waters. In the high mountains to the north there are more than 30 small glaciers, the greatest of them located on the Sabyla mountain ridge. The relief comprises the range of height zones from near-mountain to high-mountain. Forests on the lowland part of the Park are formed of spruce and white birch.

Higher than 250 m above sea level they change to mountain dark coniferous taiga with fir (on the northern Urals) and cedar. Along the edge of the Parks territory runs the western border of the Siberian cedars area. The most significant plantations of cedar are situated in the Nyartsyuyu basin. The upper border of forests in the Polar Urals is formed of larch open woods (300-400 m above sea level), and in the northern Urals of birch, fir and spruce open woods, and thickets of elfin fir (500-600 m). Another belt is occupied by bushy, lichen and moss-lichen tundras. Near snowlands one might come across sites with high-mountain meadow plants.

30 mammal species are indigenous, and 190 bird species. Elk, sable, marten, common weasel, skunk bear, brown bear, and wolf live in the Park permanently, and, in the mountain tundra, so do wild reindeer. 17 waterfowl's species nest; of rare predatory birds there are to be seen the golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, and the fish hawk. In the upper reaches of the Park's rivers more than half of the Pechora's salmon reproduce.

The Park belongs to the World Natural Heritage Site "Virgin Forests of Komi".

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