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Russian Zapovedniks and National Parks

<<< Zapovednik "Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Privolzhskaya Lesostep" >>>

Zapovednik "Chernye Zemli"

Address: 359240 Republic Kalmykia, Chernozemelsky r-n., pos. Komsomolsky, Nekrasova st., 31.

Zapovednik Chernye Zemli, in the Republic of Kalmykia, was founded in 1990. Its area is 121,9 thousand ha.

The Zapovednik is situated on the North-West of the Prikaspiyskaya lowland. In the relief there are valleys orientated to the South-West, with massifs of small and moderate sized mounds of sand.

The plant cover is desert sagebrush-cornel steppe of Stipa capillata, Artemisia pauciflora, Artemisia lerchiana, Artemisia austriaca, Kochia prostrata, and Tanacetum achilleifolium. For sands at the stage where a significant overgrowing has taken place Leymus, Alhagi pseudalhagi, Salsola kali, Artemisia marschal-liana, and Artemisia scoparia are characteristic. Communities of steppe meadows and salt-marshes are met. On islands in the lake Manych-Gudilo is encountered cornel-grass steppe with Stipa lessingiana. Of rare plant species Centaurea taliewii, Stipa pulcherrima, Stipa zalesskii, and Tulipa schrenkii can be met.

Fauna consists of typical desert and semi-desert species. The background species are: Eremias velox, Eremias arguta, Phrynocehpalus mystaceus, Phrynocehpalus guttatus, sand boa, glass-snake, Malpolon monphlessianus, and Vipera ursini.

Of mammal species there can be seen saiga antelope, corsac fox, European hare, eared hedgehog, Citellus pygmaeus, five-toed jerboa, small five-toed jerboa, and hairy-footed jerboa.

On lake Manych-Gudilo mute swans, gray geese and ducks live. Demoiselle crane and lark are common. Of rare bird species there are in particular little bustard, great bustard, European white pelican and Dalmatian pelican. In wetlands Tetrax tetrax, goby, stickleback, etc. live.

The Zapovednik has a biosphere status.

<<< Zapovednik "Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Privolzhskaya Lesostep" >>>

 

 


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