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Russian Zapovedniks and National Parks

<<< Southern Russia | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Erzy" >>>

Zapovednik "Dagestansky"

Address: 367010 Republic Dagestan, Makhachkala, Gagarin St., 120.

Zapovednik Dagestansky, in the north-eastern part of the Republic of Dagestan, was founded in 1987. Its urea is 19,1 thousand ha.

The Zapovednik consists of two parts: Kizlyarsky (18,5 thousand ha including a sea zone of 9,3 thousand ha) and Sarykumsky. The location is on the Northern-Western coast of the Caspian Sea.

The coastal area of the Kizlyarsky gulf is a lowland valley with many firths. For the gulf waters substantial water plant cover is characteristic, with thick underwater meadows. Further from the coast plant communities change from coastal meadow-bog and meadow-salt-marsh to semi-desert and desert. On shore sands specific plant groups of steppe species are developed.

In flora rare species are noted, for instance Cladium mariscus and caltrop. The unique natural formation of hill Sarykum (262 m above the sea level) has a eol-accumulative origin. At its foot numerous springs are situated where poplar, Eleaeagnus, robinia, reed, beggar-ticks, etc. can be found. Of rare plants Iris acutiloba is met.

In the reed thickets of the Kizlyarsky gulf there are to be seen wild boar, raccoon dog, jungle cat, music beaver, and swamp beaver. In the steppe European hare, fox, corsac fox, wolf, Mustela everstmani are common, and saiga antelope occasionally come in. During migration 107 waterfowl species are noted. Coot, mute swan, Anas acuta winter here. With its location on the western Caspian migration route many rare species put in the Red Data Book of Russian Federation are registered: flamingo, Dalmatin and European white pelicans, little bustard, bustard, etc. On the hill Sarykum eared hedgehog, hair-footed jerboa, and fox are found; of reptile species wood snakes, sand boa live in the Zapovednik in some places. Vipera libetina and Stellio caucasica are found; and of birds black vulture, kestrel , etc. In the gulf sturgeon species live.

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