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Russian Zapovedniks and National Parks

<<< Zapovednik "Ilmensky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Shulgan-Tash" >>>

Zapovednik "Orenburgsky"

Address: 460023 Orenburg, box 12, Magystralnaya St., 9.

Zapovednik Orenburgsky, on the southern edge of the Orenburg Region, was established in 1989. Its area is 21,7 thousand ha. It consists of four separate distant clusters:

  • Talovskaya Steppe on the southwestern edge of Obschy Syrt;
  • Burtinskaya Steppe on the left bank of the Ural River within Uralo-Ilek Cis-Ural Region;
  • Aituarskaya Steppe on the left bank of the Ural River between the valley to the watershed;
  • Aschisaiskaya Steppe, with Lake Zhurmankol in eastern Cis-Urals, on the west-facing slope of the Turgai Plateau.

The relief is a hilly undulating upland with mountain elements. More than 95% of the area is covered by herbaceous vegetation. Communities of meadow, forb-gramineous, true and rocky steppes with feathergrasses, wormwood, sagebrush, sheep's fescue, Galatella villosa, etc. are common.

There occur solonets-steppe complexes with the glasswort, Siberian sea-lavender and Caspian sea-lavender and shrubs (the Russian almond Amygdalus nana, pea shrub Caragana, Spiraea). On the bottom of ravines European alder forests grow.

The flora includes more than 500 vascular plant species, many of them endemic, relict and rare (military orchis Orchis militaris; common tulip Tulipa schrenkii; Stipa zalesskii, etc.).

The wildlife combines representatives of steppes, semi-deserts and forests. There are numerous rodents, including the steppe lemming, European polecat, little souslik, bobac. The corsac fox, badger, and European hare are to be found. The saiga antelope comes in.

The avian fauna contains over 150 species, including the European bee eater, demoiselle crane, steppe eagle, etc. In wetlands waterfowl and waterbirds are numerous, including the greylag, whooper and mute swans, ruddy shelduck, shelduck, coot, mallard, etc. The rare birds listed in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation include: the bustard, little bustard, sociable plover, imperial eagle, saker falcon.

The insect fauna is rich.

<<< Zapovednik "Ilmensky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Shulgan-Tash" >>>

 

 


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