Address: 629350 Yamalo-Nenetsky АО, pos. Tazovsky, Geophizikov
Zapovednik Gydansky, in Tazovsky District of Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Okrug, on
Yavay, Mamont, Oleny peninsulas and on the islands of Karskoye Sea – Oleny, Shokalsky,
Proklyatye, Pestsovye, Rovny, was established in 1996. Its area is 878,2 thousand ha, of
them 71,8 thousand ha are water areas.
The topography is formed by paludal valleys with numerous rivers, brooks and lakes.
In the plant cover communities of Arctic subzones of tundra are presented. The
vegetation is very diverse featuring a combination of tundra communities and desert
Lichen-moss, shrub-moss tundras, cottongrass-moss paludal tundras and sedge mires
prevail. Moss tundras are characterized by purple osier — dwarf birch-moss and
grass-moss communities. The former are shrubby (dwarf birch — Betula nana; grey-leaved
willow — Salix glauca and wolly willow — Salix lanata), shrub hedges, herbaceous
plants (cottongrass Eriophorm polystachion, Arctic blue-grass, serpent-grass). The
herb-moss communities are dominated by the sedge Carex bigelowii. In the lichen tundras
the herbaceous-shrub layer is sparce, and the supra-soil cover consists of lichens and
At the rivers valleys willow forests with cottongrass, herbds, forbs, sphagnums and
true mosses grow. The mires are mostly complex: mesotrophic bogs and eutrophic fens.
The animal life includes numerous species listed in the Red Data Book of the Russian
Federation as the polar bear, walrus, red-breasted goose, Bewick’s swan, white-billed
loon, Arctic falcon, peregrine falcon.